Islamic Months / Festivals
For Muslims all religious festivals have their own special significance.
The festival following the daily Prayers of the week is Jum’a-tul-Mubarak (Friday); the one following the month of fasting is called Eid-ul-Fitr, while the festival following the ceremony of Hajj at the Ka’aba in Arabia is know as Eid-ul-Adhia.
Following is a list of Muslim Festivals:
- Jum’a-tul-Mubarak (Friday Prayer)
- Eid Milad-un-Nabi
- Al Miraj: The prophet’s (P.B.U.H) journey
to the heavens
The night of the Miraj?
The night of Miraj is the night when the Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) ascended to the heavens and met almighty Allah.
Before the Miraj
When the Prophet (PBUH) Declared Islam upon the instructions of Allah (saw) – to stop people worshipping statues and idols and to worship the one and true God, ALLAH, very few people accepted Islam at this stage because they did not really understand the true message of Allah (saw)
The Prophet (PBUH) and his companions were often attacked and insulted. It was truly a testing time for the Muslims. Then the Prophet’s (PBUH) wife Khadija (RA) and his uncle Abu Talib both died. This really had an effect on the Prophet (PBUH) who was very upset because the two people who were very close to him, believed in him and helped him had passed away.
The Prophet (PBUH) needed some confidence and support. This came in the form of the Miraj- the night journey to Jerusalem (Masjid Aqsa, this was the Mosque which was the first chosen as the Qibla and early Muslims faced Masjid Aqsa when saying their prayers) and then to the heavens.:
The Angel Jibra’eel (Gabriel) visits the Prophet (P.B.U.H)
The Prophet (PBUH) was asleep at night when the angel Jibra’eel came and woke him up. The Prophet’s heart was taken out and washed with the holy water of Zam Zam.
Then the Prophet (PBUH) sat on al-Buraaq – a horse with wings and was taken from Makkah where he lived, to Masjid Al-Aqsa in Jerusalem. A distance of many hundreds of miles.
At Masjid Al-Aqsa, he met all the Prophets, including Adam, Ibrahim (Abrahim), Musa (Moses) and Isa (Jesus)(Peace be upon them all) and they prayed behind the Prophet (PBUH). Who lead the Prayers (Jama’at) this was to show the status of the Prophet (PBUH) as being the leader and the head of all the Prophets (Peace Be Upon Them All)
Then the Prophet (PBUH) was taken on a journey to the heavens, where he met some Prophets, including Musa and Adam (Peace Be Upon them all) and where he was shown all stages of The Heaven and The Hell. His journey then took Him to “Sidra-tul-Muntahaa” which is the highest and end of Heavens and was shown “al-Bayt Al-Ma’Moor”- a house like the Ka’aba where 70 000 different Angels circle it everyday. Here the Prophet (PBUH) went alone, without Jibra’eel, and finally met the king of kings, almighty Allah at the closest possible distance. No other person or creation of Allah has Honoured or blessed with this experience.
5 Daily Prayers
It was here that the Five Daily Prayers were made compulsory by Allah (saw). Fifty at first. When Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) return the first time , Prophet Musa (PBUH) asked The Prophet (PBUH) what had happened and the Prophet (PBUH) replied that 50 prayers a day had been made compulsory. Prophet Musa (PBUH) replied: “Your followers cannot pray so many. Go back to your lord and ask for less”. The Prophet (PBUH) returned to The Almighty Allah and had the prayers reduced to 45. He met, Prophet Musa (PBUH) again who urged him to reduce the prayers further. He went to Almighty Allah again and had the prayers reduced to 40. He went again and again to Almighty Allah at the suggestion of Prophet Musa (PBUH) to reduce the prayers further until there were only 5 prayers left. Prophet Musa (PBUH) once again asked The Prophet (PBUH) to ask for even less but he said:
“I feel ashamed now of repeatedly asking for less prayers”.
The Prophet (PBUH) then returned down to Makkah. The whole journey lasted a short time of the night.
The next day, the Prophet (PBUH) told everyone about his miraculous journey. Many people, who were non-Muslims laughed at him and thought he had gone crazy. They said: “It takes 2 months to travel to Syria and back but you went to Jerusalem and to the heavens in one night”?
A few men came to Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A.), a close companion of the prophet (PBUH) and said: “This friend of yours, Muhammad, who’s been telling people to worship one God, now he is saying he went to Jerusalem and to the heavens in one night!!” Hazrat Abu Bakr was a great Muslim, and his faith was so strong, he replied by saying: “If the Prophet (PBUH) said that; then I believe it”. If Allah could create the universe and give life to the dead, then taking his Prophet to the heavens is not a difficult task.